Tuesday, June 28, 2011

A CANDU reason to buy SNC-Lavalin

In mid 2011 the government of Canada auctioned off Atomic Energy of Canada Limited commercial reactor unit to SNC-Lavalin for $15 million, including future royalties over 15 years, the government's return could be as high as $285 million (AECL makes and refurbishes the popular CANadian Deuterium Uranium reactor brand) (CBC:Candu purchase gives SNC Lavalin 'free call option'). The acquisition doubles the workforce of SNC Lavalin's International Power division and increases those employed by the nuclear energy unit by a factor of six (400 to over 2,400, doesn't include about 2,500 jobs which are in the laboratory division not affected by the deal). Nuclear energy meets a lot of the world's energy needs (it is a key source both domestically and internationally; 55% of Ontario's 2010 electrical capacity and roughly 15% globally). (World Nuclear Association) It is one of the top 3 alternatives to coal for utility plants (about a third as popular a fuel as leading coal) and with coal fired plants facing tougher restrictions (sulphur content must be brought down to zero, renewables being promoted by the American government & EPA), volatile dry bulk shipping rates and Australian exports (major source of coal) reduced by floods in Queensland, nuclear is one of only a handful of sustainable alternatives. As well, nuclear energy use can only go up with 86.8% of coal in the United States already going to electricity generation (down from 88.5% in 2009 meaning coal has become less popular). (Alpha Natural Resources 2010 Report) Coal has also become comparatively more expensive relative to its alternatives (tripled in price between 2004 and 2010 while natural gas is unchanged). (Gas Rally Boosts Coal's Allure for Power Plants)

Candu is in an industry of its own, the nuclear reactor has been credited with promoting nuclear development in China, India and South Korea. Though sales of CANDU reactors have historically been strong in the last decade they have dwindled, the direct result of it being a crown corporation under the direction of an overly protective/selective government (wouldn't allow for any risk, that affected its ability to get contracts signed with eager clients). CTV News: Ottawa to sell Atomic Energy of Canada Ltd. to SNC-Lavalin The nuclear reactor business is also highly political in nature meaning Canadian companies have to work harder than their counterparts to secure foreign contracts; traditionally American companies have had the edge however SNC Lavalin has shown itself to be more than capable of competing in such an environment (has obtained many large concessions in foreign countries, has pushed on in countries like Algeria even after a terrorist bomb killed a dozen of its employees in 2008).

All criticism of nuclear energy stems from safety concerns regarding meltdowns and weapons grade by products however those problems can be avoided simply by converting reactors to thorium fuel based from uranium based. (Cosmos:New age nuclear) Additionally, CANDU reactors (newest of the 34 used globally, was commissioned in 2007 in Romania, Romania has also ordered another one for 2013) use natural uranium and the radioactive water doesn't directly power turbines to create electricity, rather it stays in a secondary closed loop that can readily be made to release excess heat into the atmosphere rather than the water (unlike Fukushima Dai-Ichi). (SFGate:Canada Sells AECL's CANDU Reactor Division to SNC-Lavalin) In Qinshan, China, Candu reactors have been shown to operate on thorium meaning that even before New Generation nuclear reactors are widely accepted, SNC-Lavalin has access to technology that's already ahead of the competition. (World Nuclear Association: Thorium)
Although Generation IV reactors haven't yet been produced by Atomic Energy of Canada, the Canadian government has invested billions of dollars into cutting edge research carried out by the company. (Natural Resources Canada: Priority Area:Next-Generation Nuclear Energy Technologies) AECL's Enhanced CANDU 6 (EC6) has Generation III features and is the only medium sized reactor capable of being implemented on smaller grids. The Enhanced Candu 6 gives customers the option of using either thorium, uranium or other popular fuels. (Atomic Energy of Canada Limited 2010 Financial Report)

Thorium based rectors yield 200 times as much energy as those fueled by uranium. Though safe, other renewable sources are expensive costing as much as five times the price per kWh produced when compared to coal (23 cents versus 4 cents).

Furthermore, energy consumption experienced the biggest yearly increase since 1973 in 2010, in 2010 it was up 5.6% largely due to China (up 11.2% surpassing the USA) and non-OECD nations (63% higher than 2000 levels). (World energy consumption up 5.6% in 2010, biggest rise since 1973: BP) Nuclear energy accounts for about 7.8% of the world's energy needs (24 out of 470 million BTU's (2011 pace as of August).

Saturday, June 25, 2011

52% of all economically viable oil available to private investors resides in Alberta, Canada

Alberta is home to nearly 170 billion barrels of proven and probable oil reserves (much of it amongst easily processed oil sand) exceeded only by Saudi Arabia and Venezuela (AP:China eyes Canada oil, US's energy nest egg) In Alberta alone, more than 1.6 trillion barrels of oil in inferred resource isn't even included because extraction methods SAGD and THAI/CAPRI aren't able to bring it to the surface by economically viable means. However, considering conventional sources only, Canada has major sources outside Alberta (Saskatchewan and Newfoundland combined have about 1.4 times as much oil reserves as Alberta). (NEB - Energy Reports Canadian Energy Ovewview) Approximately 20% of Alberta's oil sands are close enough to the surface to be recovered by open pit mining, the rest requires vairous in-situ technologies; the government of Alberta requires that oil companies bring the land back to 'equivalent land capability' that is, restore it to a level that makes it useful to the community either as boreal forest (which was initially destroyed) or pasture for bison (though many companies have only restored a fraction of that, for example Syncrude Oil restored 22%). Oil sands operations have been approved to use about 360 million m3 of water from the Athabasca River (runs through the mining district, water source is a glacier over 1,200 km away), that's twice as much water used by the entire city of Calgary though less than 1% of the water from the river is used by the province and oil operations; 24 m3 of water is used to produce 1 m3 of synthetic oil.
By 2045 oil sands will produce close to 11M bbls/d and that will continue for a century. Between 2012 and 2020 oil output from the tar sands will double (1.7 mbpd --> 3.4 mbpd) and triple in the next 25 years to 5.1 million barrels per day.
With crude oil fetching higher prices in Asia, Canadian producers are looking to expand into new markets (nearly all Canadian oil (2M bbls/d) currently heads south, 2010). (Reuters:Foes fight Canada pipeline to rich Asia market) The supply chain has, more recently been overwhelmed in the United States due to the release of 30M barrels of reserve oil onto the market Parkersburg News and already filled up pipelines and storage tanks. With China's interest in Canada growing, the 728 mile Northern Gateway pipeline from Edmonton to Kitimat, BC is gaining the attention of politicians and oil companies eager to broaden their customer base.
Ironically, environmentalists are both helping and hampering efforts to provide access for Asia; The oil pipelines face fierce opposition from environmentalists and Native Indian groups concerned over wildlife and possible oil spills (like what happened with Enbridge in Michigan in 2010); at the same time American environmental groups have opposed the oil sands on the grounds that it makes excessive use of water and increases greenhouse gas emissions.

Keystone XL, another oil pipeline struggling through the approval phase, aims to bring more of Canada's oil to the United States in an effort to reduce their dependency on Middle East oil 'potentially to nil'. Among other top sources, Mexico is an unsustainable source due to dwindling reserves there and Saudi Arabia (number 2) is viewed as unstable due to its situation within the Middle East. TransCanada's $7 billion pipeline project would double Alberta's oil exports to the United States. Though Obama rejected the permit in January 2012 he didn't completely shut the door on the project, saying that the company is free to re-apply. Whether or not the project goes ahead one thing is for sure, Alberta will continue to produce oil. As of last summer there were 22 active exploration projects in Athabasca alone.

The reason that it's 52% even though all of Canada doesn't have half of the world's oil is that, much of the new oil being discovered/produced is heavy-extra heavy oil and a lot of it is in countries like Venezuela which don't allow foreign investment/ownership of their state run oil companies. Even in Colombia where capitalism is as popular as it has ever been, big oil companies like Ecopetrol remain off limits to foreign investors (in August Ecopetrol (majority state owned) will have its biggest share sale since 2007 in which it will make available between 3 and 5% of Ecopetrol shares but only Colombian citizens are allowed to participate).

Friday, June 24, 2011

Yamana Gold : Unjust Criticism Causes Investors To Overlook A Fundamentally Sound Company (undervalued, production, projects, 2012)

In 2010 Yamana produced 10.0 million ounces of silver (silverinstitute.org) and 1.05 million ounces of gold (Yamana Gold corporate responsibility:2010) making it a top 15 gold and top 19 silver producer that year (rank among all companies including those diversified). The gold churned out was produced at a total cash cost of $442/oz (fiscal 2010) 32.4% less than the cash costs industrywide in the third quarter and substantially lower than key competitor AngloGold Ashanti ($638/oz). In the last quarter of 2010 (one of its record quarters for production) Yamana produced 286,682 ounces of gold at a cash cost of negative US$34/oz giving it a solid margin and earnings optimism. Yamana's free cash flow (operating cash flow less capex) was $31.1 million in 2010 nothing to brag about but a far cry from thet 259.4 million in losses recorded two years earlier. Mineweb.com March 4, 2011:Are gold cash costs per ounce headed for extinction?
Update: On Jan 11, 2012 Yamana reported 2011 fiscal year gold production at 1.1 million ounces (up 5%) led by El Penon at 476,000 oz and Gualcamayo at 159,000 oz (up 18%). What's so great about this news is that the company last told us that it would produce only 900,000 ounces, that's 18% less than it actually did! Chapada produced 135,000 oz gold (same as the year before) and 166 million pounds of copper (up 11%) while Jacobina showed no growth in production (122,000 ounces). After by product credits, cash costs were $50/oz (gold equivalent which means silver is also included) significantly lower than the $250/oz estimate. The company plans on increasing gold production by 43% by 2013 to the range of 1.5 and 1.7 million ounces reaching 1.75 million ounces by 2014. 2012 gold production is estimated to be 1.3m ounces.
On June 25, 2011 the value placed on its gold per ounce by the market (Enterprise Value/Gold Equivalent) was $324.3. That compares to $404.67/oz for Goldcorp (60 mil oz AU, 30 mil oz AUequiv (silver)) and $495.36/oz for Eldorado Gold (15.41 million ounces) making Yamana's gold relatively undervalued (which is meaningful considering Yamana's cash costs per ounce are about the same).

Company earnings have been steady since 2009 however stock performance has been underwhelming. The reason? the company has relied on production from areas considered risky due to their currency situation (Brazil), inflation (Argentina) and natural disasters (earthquakes in Chile); Gaining the confidence of investors hasn't been easy given the losses incurred by other companies exposed to similar risk (coal mines in Australia). Not helping the situation is the fact that production (specifically gold) is expected to be flat until at least 2012 when a slew of new mines begin operating (Mercedes ~1.0 million gold equivalent ounces, Pilar - 1.4 million ounces of gold, Jeronimo - 0.928 million ounces of gold, Santa Luz - 1.2 million ounces gold), The good news: the new mines, home to more than half of the company's 2P gold reserves will come on tap at about the same time and immediately raise annual production by as much as 80% while possibly lowering total costs of production (most are at or under $460/oz).

Update December 28, 2011 Company will pay a dividend worth five cents a share, on January 13, 2012. Yamana's dividend has increased steadily since 2009. December 28th is the ex-dividend date meaning anyone who buys the stock after that time will not be entitled to the January 13 dividend.

Greece defaulting on debt would raise EU interest rates magnifying the effects on those indirectly involved

The Bank of Canada is a debtee of financial institutions owed money by Greece and so there's concern that a ripple effect would have wider than anticipated involvement. Canadian financial institutions only have $8 billion in debt owed to them by Greece, Portugal, Spain and Ireland
that compares to $298 billion for UK, $111 billion for USA, $254 billion for France and $370 billion for Germany (Canadian institutions hold a lot of those countries debt though, for example Canadian banks own $94 billion worth of UK debt, $24 billion of French debt and $20 billion from Germany ($138B those three combined). That compares to $521B in American debt held by Canadian banks.(Globeandmail:Canada's Exposure)

Low EU interest rates have in part been a result of the assumption made that it would bailout nations within the union facing fiscal crises (the sheer size of the EU gave the impression that it was more than capable). If Greece proves to be too much to handle how then does it gain back the confidence of investors when it has yet to deal with Spain and Italy? Higher long term interest rates would be inevitable and that alone would have broad, global consequences which would make cheap credit a thing of the past.

Thursday, June 23, 2011

Research In Motion Underappreciated, Underrated & Undervalued (Blackberry, Android compatible QNX phones)

New updated article reflecting the company's position as of December 2011 (including just released last quarter of 2011 which is the 3rd quarter of the company's fiscal year) at Undervalued Blackberry, Research In Motion Far From 'Game Over' (subscribers up 35% to 75 million, competition affects US market share)
The information below only includes company data up to the second quarter (though there's information extending into November).

As of December 22, 2011
* Current Share Price: $14.17/share * Book Value: $20.42/share * Cash: $2.49/share
* Analyst EPS Growth Consensus: -2.61% * Debt: No long term debt AND no total debt

    RIMM continues to lead the way in encryption security (in July 2011 playbook became the first and only tablet endorsed by the US Federal Government for purchase) and with 90% of American companies hacked in 2010 that's got to count for something. (June 23,2011 Survey Finds 90% US Companies Hacked Past Year) Google (oversees Android) is facing an antitrust probe in the USA while Apple is losing patent infringement cases in Germany and that couldn't come at a worse time (in France and Germany Apple is losing market share quickly, in Britain iOS is at 31% up from 21% a year earlier however in continental Europe Apple's products aren't nearly as popular). RIM's earnings continue to be strong despite a boatload of negative publicity (only fell during the quarter ended August to $329M however sales of its newest phones don't show up on the books until the next quarter, prior to the August quarter earnings were strong; the 1st qtr of 2011 down slightly however still up 6.5% when compared to the quarter ended 6 months prior (outside of the United States blackberry sales actually strengthened). The company has zero debt (read that again ZERO) while their cash and cash equivalents are just under $1B (Aug.'11: current assets at $7.32B 22.4% higher than they were exactly one year prior; Nokia's current assets are down). Meanwhile they have yet to implement the highly anticipated/highly recommended QNX operating system (QNX technology has been used in space (space shuttle laser camera)) and shipments of Playbook are over half a million (quarterly, ended May 2011) ranking far behind tablet market leader Apple which sold 9.3 million iPads;

However in the quarter ended August 2011 shipments fell by 60% down to 200,000, a direct result of the popularity of iPad during the quarter which lowered market share for a number of other companies
(rimm's tablet remains one of the top choices however Apple's dominant presence translates into a comparatively small market share for other companies to compete for). (BlackBerrys Said to Get Android Apps as RIM Seeks Sales Boost). Blackberry remains one of only a couple smartphone companies with a share in the mobile employees enterprise market (it and Apple dominate that market with nearly 80% of the share, 32% vs 45% in October). The company introduced two new BlackBerry 7 devices on Nov 15 after affecting the largest new product roll out in RIM history in the summer. Initial sales of those smartphones were seen as “healthy” by RBC Capital Markets.

On November 14th (2011) Goldman Sachs raised awareness of Rim's valuable assets by upgrading the stock, citing "the sum of its parts is bigger than the whole". Within 2 days of that rim released 2 new upgraded blackberry 7 smartphones, the Curve 9380 (1st Curve with a touch display) and the BlackBerry Bold 9790, both of which run on bb7 software. In fact Research In Motion was one of only nine technology companies with multiple analyst upgrades in the month of November 2011 (3 as of November 17) - others were Cisco (4), Nokia (2), Juniper (2), CGI Group (3), F5 network (2), Quality Systems (4), changyou (2), Autodesk (2). RIM was upgraded by 3 investment banks; Northern Securities Nov 15 (price target raised to $26 from $18), Goldman Sachs Nov 16 and Brigantine Advisers on the 17th. Brigantine noted that rim is “well entrenched globally” and that "3rd quarter sales stabilized" after falling in the 2q (fiscal 2012 revenue upped to $19.8B from $19.4B). Commentary - I think RIM has a solid chance of making up ground in the US and maintaining strong growth abroad. RIM's main concern right now has to be keeping its high-end/corporate clients from switching to other brands (the corporate market continues to be the core of their business with rim (32.2%) and apple (45%) maintaining a dominant presence). Getting BBX operating system online and a couple compelling devices to market should keep it at the number 3 position, ahead of Nokia.

During the first quarter of 2011 13.2 million blackberries were sold, 71% as much as Apple's iPhone (18.6 million) while the second quarter had sales of 10.6 million; the record for shipments in a quarter for RIM was 14.2 million recorded in the quarter ended November 2010. (betanews.com: RIM ships half million in first quarter) Another advantage RIM has is that only it and Apple both manufacture their own devices and run their own operating systems. It's inconceivable that the company is valued less than Nokia (and more recently even Motorola) which lags behind it in nearly every category of significance (according to Millenial, in the 3rd quarter of 2011 Nokia manufactured only 2.41% of all mobiles phones used on Millenial networks, that compares to 11.05% for RIM; 3 of the top 9 handsets in the quarter ran on blackberry OS, combined they represent over 9% of the market just behind Apple iOS at 12.55%).

QNX systems: With a new innovative operating system on hand, RIM's next major smartphone release could be a significant event for the tech industry. The QNX phone release is expected to be in about half a year, just after playbook gets its own native Blackberry Enterprise Server complaint e-mail; That means the first QNX phones (rumoured to be code-named the BlackBerry Colt) most likely will have their own native e-mail, since the server-code for playbook will probably also be tailor made for the QNX OS. Latest reports suggest that the next generation phones will also compatible with Android apps (though the company has only publicly acknowledged the Android compatability with QNX powered playbook) which should eliminate most concerns over the company's future (Android currently runs about six times as many apps as RIM (250,000 vs over 40,000). Making smartphone battery life last longer can be a difficult task, especially if they run on mutli core processors. BBX, the successor blackberry's current platform will support Microsoft's Exchange ActiveSync (meaning it will support most email systems) as well as Blackberry's own enterprise server (BES) which helps the company maintain current IT clients (IT has invested heavily in BES support infrastructure). New BBX based phones will have the same resolution as the tablet (1024x600) which translates into a resolution (16/9) that tops even the iPhone4S.
QNX technology (Neutrino) is already used in many car computer systems and is one of the reasons Playbook's touch screen interface is so fluid.

To those who bring up rimm's earnings per share drop (estimated to 25% by year end) why even bother when competitors Nokia (zero eps, that's not growth that's total quarterly eps down from 18c the previous year) and google (down 29% q2q in the first quarter of 2011, even with about a third of revenue coming from AdSense) are also profiting less because competition is intensifying and prices are dropping in response (US Cellular recently refused to sell the iPhone4s because according to it the lack of profit created too much risk, another took as long as four months to realize any profit from selling iphones). With regards to Amazon's Kindle Fire, the product has had a number of negative reviews with possibly half of all products shipped in the first quarter of release being returned (cnnfn: How Many Kindle Fires Being Returned To Amazon). Problems related to defective internet Wi-Fi connections are the main concern. Factoring in losses from future content sales, it may be a while before Amazon realizes profit from the device.
RIM has an industry low price to earnings ratio of 3.38 (November 10, 2011, down from 4.21 on July 26, 2011; that compares to 24.3 for Motorola (MSI) (July 26, before acquired by google), 28.7 for Nokia (up from 12.06 July 26), 13.90 for Apple (down from 26.7 July 26) & 20.73 for Google (was 23.5 July 26) meaning that RIM's earnings yield is unusually high, however one must also consider the impact on P/E caused by RIM's lowered future earnings growth rate (earnings in the March to May period of 2011 were 9.6% lower than March to May 2010 (compared to a 128% increase for Apple) however that was at a time when Smartphones were more expensive and Android (available at cheap prices) wasn't as widely used). Also consider that Nokia (P/E ratio of 28.7 which is 8.5X higher than Research In Motion) recorded negative net income in the quarter ended June 2011 (-US $366 million compared to a profit of US $745 million it had in the quarter ended December 2010). In the last quarter of 2010, RIM's net income was only $166 million higher than Nokia's, in contrast with the second quarter of 2011 when RIM profited US $1.061 billion more, making Research In Motion's struggles seem mild in comparison. In the 13 weeks ending November 27, 2010 92% of RIM's revenue growth came from outside of the U.S., in the first 9 months of that fiscal year just over $3.6 billion in revenue came from outside of the U.S. compared to under $2 billion from the U.S. Most of the increase came from sales of the more expensive Bold 9780 and Curve 3G meaning that the high end market in emerging economies is growing.
Blackberry has a number of advantages over competitors that have in the past not been given due recognition (playbook supports Adobe Flash, Adobe Mobile AIR and HTML-5) (India: Rim Launches New Playbook, Says Talks With Indian Govt Are On); When/if the media acknowledges that the company's prospects can only go up. One issue that seems to always come up is software applications (apps) for blackberry which haven't been as numerous, cheap or easily accessible as those available on iphones. Though smart phone users on average only use a handful of them regularly (which blackberry in most cases provides) the competition has been hammering away at it, possibly overplaying the problem. In response RIM has been less restrictive when it comes to allowing android uses on blackberry and has put more emphasis on developing apps. Blackberry phones continue to have superior battery life (when compared to alternatives), that could be one of the reasons RIM's devices were late with regards to specific product enhancements (took longer but the outcome is a more efficient product). In the month of August (2011) Research In Motion released new phones for the first time in a year, the newest blackberry smartphones are the Torch 9810, Torch 9860 and Bold 9900 all of which run on the BB 7 operating system, which is 40% faster than the 6 and twice as fast as the 5. Additionally, they utilize Liquid Graphics technology allowing for seamless zooming and scrolling. Though an improvement, these phones are not considered a major part of the company's future; that responsibility lies with the QNX phones to be released in 2012. According RBC's Mike Abramsky, sales of the new blackberry 7 model could top 22 million in fiscal 2011 out of 54 million total units. The average selling price of the Blackberry 7 phone is estimated to be about $292. (RIMM: RBC Sees Wide EPS Range On BlackBerry 7 Sales) For the third quarter of 2011 (Sept-Nov 2011) revenue is expected to be in the range of $5.3B to $5.6B or about 33% greater than second quarter revenue, that's because sales of the newest phones will begin making an impact (weren't released until the tail end of the 2nd quarter).
Update: According to Impressions, in the third quarter of 2011 Research In Motion was the only company that posed significant competition to Google and Apple in the connected device & smartphone mix on Millenial networks, with a 13% overall market share compared to 56% and 28% for iOS and Android, respectively. RIM also had the 3rd (Curve), 7th (Bold) and 9th (Torch) most popular mobile phones which combined to represent 9.03% of the market; out of the top 20 handsets the ones that ran on Apple's operating system represented 12.55% of the market compared to 9.72% for blackberry. As a manufacturer, RIM ranked 4th overall just behind HTC at 11.05% with 4.6X the market share of Nokia. (Millennial: Android usage doubled iOS in Q3, iPad king of tablets with 456% growth) The first week of November 2011 the iPhone4s was rejected by America's 6th leading carrier, US Cellular on the basis of risk and profitability (other carriers have voiced frustration with this, for some it has taken as long as 4-5 months to realize any profit from the partnership with Apple T-Mobile the 4th largest carrier, also has shown little interest in the iphone). AT&T and Verizon remain the only major US cellphone companies that carry the iPhone. (USA Today)

Market share drop should not be as much of a concern as it is given that there are many more players in the smartphone market than there were in 2008 that's why blackberry continues to record net additions in subscribers. The fact is Research In Motion will continue to be a force in the industry as long as it is remains a leader in both the manufacture of handheld devices (Millenial report: rimm has 11.05% of the market, 4.6X Nokia) and operating system use (9.72% of the market compared to Apple at 12.55%); new market leader Samsung continues to rely on google's Android system.
Despite confrontations with the Indian government regarding BlackBerry security features, on June 22, 2011 Research In Motion successfully launched the BlackBerry Playbook Tablet in India. (Report: Blackberry's RIM Launches New Playbook, says talks with Indian Govt are on) Blackberry smartphones remain popular in the emerging markets of Thailand and Indonesia. On August 29, 2011 RIM and Moviestar launched the Blackberry Torch 9860 in Spain.(Business Report Thailand) Update: In the quarter ended August 31, 2011 RIM's earnings were lackluster (down 58% to $329M vs $797M a year earlier, investors reacted by pushing the share price down by 18%) however not surprising given that the company's only new phones were released at the tail end of the quarter meaning the boost in cash flow won't be realized until the next quarter. Revenue remains strong ($4.2 billion compared to $4.6B a year earlier) with revenue estimated at up to $5.6 billion in the next quarter (3rd). Sales of playbook were down 60% to 200,000 (about what Apple sells in two days) which is not great but not really surprising given the popularity of iPad (RIM remains one of only a handful of companies with growth potential in the tablet market). Blackberry sales were 10.6M in the quarter within range of expectations (around 11 million), Android phones continue to be RIM's biggest threat in the smartphone market while Apple's iPad is the poses the most competition in the tablet market. Intense competition from cheaper products rolled out by Apple and Google is the main reason for the drop in earnings which are lower but haven't dropped to nil like Nokia.

Commentary When discussing blackberry's problems with a friend of mine he said "being better at keeping your problems out of the news doesn't make you a better product", I agree with that. Blackberry's problems seem to be getting a lot of attention lately but when you consider that every smartphone marker goes through an awkward phase/growing pains at some point (motorola, nokia, even apple with a few of their product enhacements) singling out one company lets another off the hook.